When 49-year-old Veena Gandhi came to Dr Tarun Mittal, a laparoscopic and obesity surgeon at Sir Gangaram Hospital in the capital, she had difficulty walking with shortness of breath and acute pain in her joints. The culprit: obesity.Suffering from an array of health issues like hypothyroidism, hypertension and an uncontrolled Type-II diabetes that put her on insulin therapy, she also had difficulties sleeping at night.“We performed laparoscopic gastric bypass on her in which we created a food channel from stomach to small intestine by-passing around 200 cm of small intestine,” said Dr Mittal. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Post-surgery, she lost 25 kg systematically in a span of 10 months and is set to lose extra 10-15 kgs in the near future.Today, Gandhi is off insulin with good glycaemic control.”Without the operation, she would have been a high-risk candidate for ischemic heart disease, obstructive sleep apnea with subsequent respiratory failure, uncontrolled diabetes and associated complications,” Dr Mittal said.The bare fact is that there are millions of obese Indian in all age groups who just cannot shed the fat despite trying a range of options – from diet control to running or gym and even yoga. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix“Simple obesity (body mass index of over 30) can be controlled by diet and exercise but it requires 7,500 calories to burn a kg of body fat. It means brisk walking on a treadmill at nine km per hour for 20 straight hours!,” quips Dr Atul Peters, director and head, Institute of Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery, at Fortis Hospital.For those who prefer the weight-loss pill route, “there are over-the-counter drugs for weight loss which can result in a temporary weight loss of four-five kgs but the same will come back in no time once those pills are stopped,” he said. Research has shown that in many cases, a significant underlying cause of morbid obesity is genetic.Studies have demonstrated that once the obesity is established, efforts such as dieting and exercise programmes have a limited ability to provide effective long-term relief.“More than 90 per cent of participants in weight-loss programme regain fat within a year and it is even more difficult for morbidly-obese patients,” explains Dr Naresh Singhi, consultant, laparoscopic bariatric surgeon at Nanavati Super Specialty Hospital in Mumbai.According to a study published in the prestigious journal Lancet, at over 30 million obese people, India is just behind the US and China in the “Global Hazard List” of top 10 countries with highest number of obese people.According to the 2015 World Health Organisation data, prevalence of ‘overweight in adults’ increased to 22 per cent (2014) from 19.7 per cent (2010) and obesity increased to 4.9 per cent (2014) from four per cent in last four years. A body mass index between 25 and 30 is deemed to overweight. Nearly 14 per cent of women (age group 18 to 49) in India were overweight or obese in 2008 (compared to 10.5 per cent in 1998).Experts say that the obesity epidemic is attributable to dietary and behavioural trends. Added to that is a person’s genetic makeup and susceptibility to obesity-related disease.Each individual’s genetic background remains an important determinant of susceptibility to obesity.“It is clear that obesity often runs in families. Having obese relatives increases one’s risk for obesity even if the members of the family do not live together or share the same patterns of exercise and food intake,” Dr Mittal notes. Today, it is observed in various parts of the world on November 26 every year.
- McDonald’s Drive Thrus in Limerick reopen with new measures in place
- John Mayer Plays Surprise Solo Acoustic Show In Los Angeles, Dave Chappelle Joins
- Tie-Dye For Troops
- Pakistan and England cricket teams pay tribute to COVID-19 victims
- Julian Edelman seen with brace on thumb, expected to be sidelined for camp